Collecting On The WebTM
September 23, 2013
Volume V, Number 39
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In This Issue:

Ancient Windust Spear Point
Perhaps Modified From A Old
Clovis Style Point?  Is It
Similar Knapping Processes
Or Is It Recycling?

Convergence:  Similar
Projectile Point Designs
Separated By Hundreds &
Thousands Of Years And
Thousands Of Miles.
For Collectors Of Ancient & Authentic Arrowheads ...
Every Week A Point Or Two, Perhaps More, In:
(c) 2013.  All rights reserved.
F. Scott Crawford.
You are welcome to share articles
from this e-mail newsletter, provided
you retain both this copyright notice
and this link to our web site:
After I got my bucks back on the "calf", I
made an offer on this Windust.  I should
stick w/Stermer papered rocks!

I wrote him back:
Very nice Windust!  Glad you got your
refund on the other.  Windust points are a
very fine addition to a Paleo collection,
especially nicely made like this.

Then we got started on another discussion related
to the Windust shown here.
Note the base thinning flakes ... almost like a
fluted piece was reshaped to what the
Windust knapper usually made.  I have
seen this kind of modification of an earlier
type before.  But not so easily detected.  It
could also just have been the way he
thinned the base in a new piece rather than
a remake of an older piece.  But it makes an
interesting theory.

Many Windust points in the region were
from an time parallel to or just after the
Clovis cultural period.  I have one made of
red jasper which is more like what Ben
described as very similar to the Scottsbluff
points of the same period.  But the flaking is
virtually identical to another artifact I have
which is definitely a Windust.  Again, this is
a very nice example.

In response, Bruce wrote:
The more I look at it, the more that Windust
stem structure looks like a ... FLUTE.

Is there a rational, empirical way to
differentiate between "thinning" flaking and
a flute?

If it was easy, it wouldn't be so much fun.

Hey Bruce,
You know, with as much as has been
trimmed away around the base to fit the
Windust template, it is difficult to tell if this
was a previously fluted piece, or just had
been base thinned by percussion before it
was finalized.

It would be beneficial to see the other face
of the artifact and to get close up photos of
the base area, on both sides, from a low
angle looking at the base end of the piece
on each side.  Then we might be able to
discern the knapping processes used to thin
the base.

Close up and low angle might help to see
the preparatory flaking done before the
flute removals, if that part of the base still
remains.  It is definitely a possibility.  

I have seen other artifacts from the
Northwest where they very definitely
appeared to be a reshaped, perhaps broken
Clovis or other early fluted style, then
remade into a later type.
p.s.  Another thing which looks like it may
have been remade into a Windust from an
earlier style point is the pressure flaking
along the left edge.  In the second image
that pressure flaking has a different color or
patina or rind (as they call in on obsidian)
than the color and texture of the wider
percussion flakes across the middle of the
blade.  The pressure flaking definitely
appears to be later work on the original
artifact.  Resharpening shortly after the tool
was made would not likely have a different
color or patina than the rest of the artifact.
Have You Ever Seen A More Recent Style Of Hunting Weapon Or
Knife Made From A More Ancient Type Of Stone Tool?  Is It Just An
Ancient Coincidence Of Knapping Steps ... Or Is It Material Recycling?
Convergence:  Similar Projectile Point Designs Separated By
Hundreds & Thousands Of Years And Thousands Of Miles.
Photographs of an excellent "Pedernales" point which is in the L.M. Abbott Artifact Collection
which is on display at the Doss Heritage & Cultural Center in Weatherford, Texas.
Found in Williamson County of central Texas in 1939 by Cecil R. Harris on his farm near Bartlett.  
Photographed by the author in 2010 with the assistance of Marvin Glasgow, who arranged my visit to
see and photograph the L.M. Abbott Artifact Collection while the exhibit materials were being prepared.
Correspondence Course

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you subscribe today to this popular
24-lesson correspondence course
for new & intermediate students
of flint knapping:

(c) 2013.  All rights reserved.
F. Scott Crawford, Carrollton, Texas
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The QUIVER Weekly e-Newsletter
Mid September 2013

Last week we looked at an artifact which
was likely a modern reproduction of an
Archaic period "Calf Creek".  The collector
who shared the story returned the "Calf" for
a refund and continued our discussion with
a different artifact.

It turned into quite an interesting discussion
and a review of ancient stone knapping
techniques and the evidence of the
techniques which we can observe on the
artifacts in our collections ... as we learn
what to look for.

F. Scott Crawford
Visible Evidence Of Ancient
Artifact Manufacturing
Processes Become More Evident
As We Learn To See The Signs.
Bruce then sent a photo of the other side for a look
at the base of the Windust on side 2.
I hope this is the detail you wanted to see.
The stonework on this one is really nice!

After looking at enlargements of the last photo
I wrote back:
I see where Ben mentions the flutes on both
sides as well.  On the second side only the
end of the original thinning flute is visible just
beyond the reach of the thinning flakes which
the Windust knapper used to form the
concave base form of his point.  It is possible
that the original flute is much older, however
most of the setup work for making "Clovis"
style flutes has been removed on both faces
of the base, if it was ever there.  There would
have been a specific form of isolated
platform prepared for percussion billet or
baton (rod shaped hammer) removal of the
Clovis flute, and then the remnants of that
platform would have been trimmed away at
the base end of the first side during the
preparation of the isolated platform for the
other face.

The remnants of the second fluting platform
would also have been trimmed so that they
would not interfere with binding the spear or
lance point into the split spear shaft or into a
divided foreshaft which was used to attach
the point to a prepared spear shaft.  These
preparations of the stone seem to mostly be
gone, as the the base was trimmed into the
normal Windust form, with somewhat
contracting base sides and the shaped
concave base of the Windust.
Here is a view of the Ben Stermer Certificate of Authenticity for this Windust point found at Crump Lake
located in Lake County of eastern Oregon.  He points to a time period from 10,810 to 7500 Before Present for
this type of projectile point.  They were in use throughout the northern Great Basin and on the Columbia
River Plateau long before the explosion of Mt. Mazama which occurred about 7000 years ago.
When we examine this middle Archaic
period "Pedernales" spear or lance point
from central Texas, it appears almost
exactly the same shape or design as the
"Windust" spear point above.  It even has
the concave base with strong flake
removals in the base.  They could
sometimes almost be called "flutes".
However, this "Pedernales" style lance or
spear or dart point was in use some 4500 to
2000 years after the "Windust" ... from the
time period of about 6000 B.P. until around
2000 years B.P., in central Texas, some
1,800 miles away from the Great Basin of
northern Nevada and the Columbia River
Plateau country of Oregon.
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