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"ARROWHEAD Collecting On The Web"
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F. Scott Crawford, Carrollton, Texas
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Our First Edition Main Story ... The
Ancient Dalton Gang Of Projectile
Points From Missouri & Beyond ...
A Wide Ranging Technology Used
For Hundreds Of Years ... From The
Early Archaic Period.
"Dalton" style projectile points date to the "Early Archaic"
period (10,000 to 9,200 B.P.). This stone tool technology was
used across North America, from the Rockies to the East
Coast, from the Gulf of Mexico and Florida north to the
Dakotas and southern Canada.
In use for almost 1,000 years, Dalton knife and projectile
points were in continuous use for perhaps a longer period of
time than any other spear, knife or dart projectile point
design in the history of North America.
The Dalton gang of projectile points has a distinctive base
configuration. Besides being readily recognizable, the form of
the base also gives us an idea of the shape of the end of the
shaft or handle ... how the slot would be cut to a
standardized shape. The stone points were made to fit and
match the usual handle or shaft.
See the form of the base ... it is not notched as such ... but is
shaped to fit into a slotted knife handle or slotted dart or
We can get an idea of the attachment by examining the
standardized bases of Dalton stone tools. The slot appears to
have been cut at an angle from each side of the shaft, leaving
a rounded point in the bottom of the slot ... not cut straight
across. In the second photograph you can see a number of
Dalton knives, dart points and even a drill, from the
Midwest, made from different regional cherts. Some have
been resharpened to the point of exhaustion and discarded.
All have classic "Dalton" form: a fairly deep concave base,
and a constricted binding area with slight shoulders.
The base of each of these projectile points would fit into such
a slot as was described above, and would be supported by the
rounded point of wood at the mid position in the slot.
Then, the outside edge of the blade, just above the base, is
trimmed to provide a slight recess where the binding material
would be wrapped. This method was used for almost 1000
years, generally before true slot-shaped notches came into
Regional Features & On-Going
Artifact Adventure Reports
Mike Lundmark ... Bruce Pailler ...
Jennifer Peterson ... Charles &
Barbara Carmichael ... William
Sidmore ... Randall McNeice ...
Kenny Gibson ... Kelvin O'Hara ...
Tom Holck ... Dr. Vittorio Brizzi ...
Javier Larramendy ... Terry Baxter ...
Masayoshi Sato ... & others.
The large Dalton point pictured above, with a Certificate of
Authenticity from Jeff Baker, measures 3-7/8" long by 1-1/4"
wide. It was found in Missouri, and is made from Crescent
Quarry Burlington Chert. Identified as a "Sloan Dalton", it
represents an earlier, larger series in the Dalton point style
designs. The flaking is normally in the Dalton parallel style,
perpendicular to the axis of the projectile point or blade. This
example shows fine pressure flaking in its finish work.
Appears almost unused. This form does not exhibit the
shoulders we usually see on the Dalton Classic or other
Dalton styles. The edges are serrated. The base is considered
a "fish tail" form, not so deeply concave as many Dalton
points. This example also does not show any bevelling along
the edges, which is often seen in Dalton points used as knives.
What's On Line This Week?
In The Weekly e-Newsletter "The
QUIVER" We Will Sometimes Show
Examples Of The Ancient Artifacts
Which Are Being Offered On Line ...
From Reputable Auction Houses,
Artifact Dealers And Also From
Individuals On eBay. As Always, Do
Your "Due Diligence" And Get As
Much Information As You Can
About The Authenticity &
Provenance Of The Artifacts Which
You Consider Acquiring.
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|What Will You Find On The
Check out these Cahokia arrow
points from southern Illinois.
Casts by Pete Bostrom from
Lithic Casting Lab. Featured in an
article in the Premiere Edition of the
redesigned monthly e-newsletter
Collecting On The Web"
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